Almost every paper you write in school will involve one thing: convincing the reader about the merits of your arguments. Whether you’re putting together a research report or interpreting a textbook for critical analysis, you’ll spend most of the paper persuading the reader into accepting your main point.
Making your case involves presenting a main argument that is laid out using a series of claims (supporting points), each of which is held up by evidence. The quality of your evidence is critical, since it forms the foundation by which your argument will eventually be tested against.
Your evidence will usually come after stating each point. Don’t just present it as is, though. If all you is list down facts, then you leave the interpretation up to the reader. Unless its relationship to your claim is overtly clear, doing so opens up the avenue for misinterpretation.
Instead, you’ll need to provide your interpretation of the evidence, answering the following questions that ties it all in for the reader. How does this material support the claim? In what way does it advance the argument? Why should the reader care about this fact?
While you can probably find dozens of facts that qualify as potential evidence for each claim, try to pick more discerningly. As much as possible, you want to limit the amount of evidence you include, both to keep your paper concise and to avoid confusing the reader with too much information.